The Russian labor market is currently facing a serious deficit of skilled industrial workers available for shift work, according to a recent study by the recruitment agency HeadHunter. This shortage is being felt most acutely in Russia’s republic of Bashkortostan, which has traditionally been a major supplier of workforce to other regions. Currently, 6% of industrial positions are vacant in Bashkortostan, making it the most affected region by the shortage.
Following closely behind are the Krasnoyarsk and Irkutsk Regions, each with 5% of vacancies remaining unfilled. The Novosibirsk and Omsk Regions round out the top five, with 4% of industrial staff positions vacant. These regions are crucial for sectors such as oil and gas and mining, where the shortage of skilled workers has become a significant challenge. The demanding nature of these jobs, often involving long hours in remote locations, requires a specific set of skills that are currently in short supply.
Average salaries for these industrial jobs in Russia are in the range of 150,000 to 200,000 rubles per month, or $1,600 to $2,200, according to the study by HeadHunter. Factors contributing to the shortage of skilled industrial workers include low birth rates in the 1990s and early 2000s. Additionally, the departure of highly qualified personnel abroad and the partial military mobilization conducted in September of last year are also cited as key contributors to the shortage of skilled labor in Russia.
The labor shortages have been a cause for concern, with the Central Bank Governor Elvira Nabiullina warning of the negative impact on economic growth. Nabiullina emphasized that the under-staffing is particularly acute in sectors that have already surpassed the pre-crisis level, such as machine building and the chemical industry. According to the study, no regions in Russia currently have an excess of vacant positions in the industrial shift work sector.
Addressing the shortage of skilled industrial workers has become increasingly urgent in light of its potential impact on the economy. This shortage is not only felt in the jobs directly related to the industrial sector but also has reverberating effects across other areas of the economy. As such, finding sustainable solutions to attract, retain, and train skilled industrial workers is of paramount importance to ensure the continued growth and development of the Russian economy. Failing to address this issue may result in more severe economic and social challenges in the long run.