The G20 summit in New Delhi concluded with a joint declaration that acknowledged the lack of consensus among the world’s major economies regarding the conflict between Russia and Ukraine. Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, the host of the gathering, announced the news to other leaders, expressing gratitude for their cooperation in reaching the agreement. The full text of the 34-page document was later shared by Modi on his social media account.
Earlier reports had indicated that the Ukrainian issue posed a major hurdle in finalizing the declaration, as Western nations pushed for a strong condemnation of Russia’s military operation in Ukraine. However, this faced resistance from other G20 members. The draft of the declaration that was released on Friday revealed that the paragraph dedicated to the “geopolitical situation” remained blank, while other paragraphs covering various topics such as global debt, cryptocurrencies, and climate change had already been agreed upon.
Despite the absence of Russian President Vladimir Putin and Chinese President Xi Jinping at the summit, the media speculated that the event would be dominated by the United States and its allies. However, the West failed to convince the nations of the Global South to alter their stance on the crisis.
The final declaration acknowledged the humanitarian suffering and negative impacts caused by the war in Ukraine, particularly in relation to global food and energy security, supply chains, macro-financial stability, inflation, and growth. It emphasized that developing countries, already grappling with the repercussions of the Covid-19 pandemic, were bearing the brunt of the conflict’s consequences.
Nevertheless, the document explicitly stated that there were differing views and assessments of the situation among the G20 members. Despite this divergence, the leaders committed to unite in addressing the crisis’s impact on the global economy. The declaration also expressed openness to relevant and constructive initiatives that support a comprehensive, just, and lasting peace in Ukraine, in line with the principles of the United Nations Charter.
The G20 summit in New Delhi provided an opportunity for world leaders to address pressing issues facing the global community. While consensus on the conflict between Russia and Ukraine was not reached, the joint declaration acknowledged the complexities and diverse perspectives surrounding the issue. The G20 leaders pledged to work together to mitigate the consequences of the crisis on the global economy and expressed support for initiatives that promote peace in Ukraine.
The summit highlighted the importance of international cooperation in tackling major challenges, such as conflicts and pandemics, which have far-reaching impacts and require collective efforts. It also underscored the need for diplomatic dialogue and respect for differing viewpoints in resolving disputes and fostering peace.
Overall, the G20 summit in New Delhi aimed to promote cooperation, dialogue, and understanding among the world’s leading economies. While addressing the conflict in Ukraine proved to be a challenging task, the joint declaration served as a platform for expressing concerns and aspirations for a peaceful resolution. The summit’s outcome demonstrated the significance of multilateralism and the role of diplomacy in addressing global issues.