September 26, 2023 1:53 am

Iran’s progress in connecting to Russian power grid continues, according to the country’s minister — RT World News

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Iran is planning to establish electricity exchange with Russia through the connection of their national power grids, according to Iran’s Energy Minister, Ali Akbar Mehrabian. While no specific timeline was provided, Mehrabian confirmed that Iran is also considering an alternative path through Armenia and Georgia.

Currently, Iran and Armenia’s power grids are already interconnected. Iran supplies natural gas to Armenia, which is used to fuel power plants, and in return, Iran receives electricity. Under this arrangement, Armenia keeps a share of the electricity as compensation. Last year, both nations agreed to double the capacity of this exchange scheme by 2023.

Mehrabian explained that Iran is aiming to integrate its electricity network with all regional countries. This integration would make the network more stable and enable greater electricity supply during different times of the year.

The project to connect Iran’s energy grid with Russia gained traction in 2016 after the signing of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA). The JCPOA focused on Iran’s nuclear industry and resulted in the lifting of international sanctions on Iran.

Initially, Azerbaijan showed reluctance to act as a transit nation between Russia and Iran due to Tehran’s energy cooperation with Armenia. Azerbaijan and Armenia have longstanding conflicts over the disputed area of Nagorno-Karabakh.

For the integration to work optimally, Iran would need to align its power grid parameters with Russia’s. When nations are included in a synchronous power grid, they can balance their generation and loads, leading to operational cost savings.

Russia is part of the IPS/UPS, a wide-area synchronous transmission grid that covers a significant portion of the country, Mongolia, and several post-Soviet states including Georgia and Azerbaijan.

To match Russia’s power grid, Iran has been adjusting its own national system, which is already synchronized with some neighboring countries like Armenia. Mehrabian reported last year that preliminary work on the transition was complete.

This move towards connecting Iran’s power grid with Russia is part of Iran’s larger plan to build a massive energy network to enhance its geopolitical influence. By integrating with regional countries and establishing stronger energy cooperation, Iran aims to enhance its ability to provide stable electricity supply and expand its presence in the global energy market.

The electricity exchange between Iran and Russia will not only bolster economic ties between the two countries but also contribute to regional energy security. It will provide Iran with access to a wider market for its electricity exports and facilitate greater cooperation in the energy sector. Additionally, this integration will help Russia and other countries in the region meet their electricity demand more efficiently, leading to socioeconomic benefits and increased regional stability.

Overall, the connection of Iran’s power grid with Russia marks a significant step in expanding energy cooperation between the two nations. It signifies their commitment to regional integration and underscores the importance of collaboration in ensuring a reliable and sustainable energy supply.

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Original Source: Iran’s progress in connecting to Russian power grid continues, according to the country’s minister — RT World News

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