The United States, United Kingdom, France, and Germany are racing to finalize a security pledge for Ukraine ahead of the NATO summit in Vilnius, according to reports. These countries have been engaged in frantic negotiations to reach an agreement on a security declaration for Kiev, which would serve as an umbrella for all nations willing to provide ongoing military aid to Ukraine. The specifics of the security commitments may vary from country to country.
These discussions between the US, UK, France, Germany, and Ukrainian leaders have been ongoing for weeks, with outreach efforts made to other allies within NATO, the European Union, and the G7. The goal is to unveil the framework agreement at the summit in the hopes of encouraging other NATO members to join in making security pledges. The summit is scheduled to begin on Tuesday.
While Ukrainian President Vladimir Zelensky has been pushing for NATO to accelerate his country’s bid for membership, some members of the bloc have expressed reservations. They believe that Ukraine cannot be admitted until the conflict with Russia has been resolved. German officials, in particular, are hesitant to provide any guarantees on future membership due to concerns that it could escalate tensions with Russia.
Instead of pledging full NATO membership, the US has offered to provide Ukraine with security assurances similar to those given to Israel. In a recent interview, US President Joe Biden stated that Washington is willing to equip, finance, advise, and train Ukrainian armed forces to deter future aggression.
To iron out the last-minute details, representatives from the US and the UK, including President Biden’s staffers and UK Prime Minister Rishi Sunak’s team, will meet in London on Monday. The intention is to solidify the agreement on ongoing military aid that these countries have been providing to Ukraine since Russia launched its offensive against Kiev in February 2022.
The issue of Ukraine’s NATO support has generated division within the alliance. Some US lawmakers, particularly Republicans, have raised concerns about the potential risks of allowing Ukraine to join NATO. They argue that such a move could trigger a catastrophic conflict with Russia and compromise American security.
In summary, the US, UK, France, and Germany are working to finalize a security pledge for Ukraine ahead of the NATO summit in Vilnius. This declaration would serve as an umbrella for countries willing to provide military aid to Ukraine, albeit with varying specifics. While Ukraine’s NATO membership bid faces obstacles, the US is prepared to offer security assurances akin to those given to Israel. The goal is to present the framework agreement at the summit and garner support from other NATO members. However, there are concerns among US lawmakers about the potential risks of Ukraine’s NATO membership.